As the temperature rises, things can get uncomfortable inside. You may escape the heat outside by diving into a pool or sitting in the shade, but if you want to stay dry indoors during the blazing weather, you’ll probably need an air conditioner as well. There are many different types of AC available, including split systems with parts inside and outside the house, such as central air conditioners and ductless mini-split air conditioners, as well as stand-alone systems, like portable air conditioners or evaporative air conditioners.
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Find the unit or complete air conditioning system that best meets your needs and budget by learning more about the many types of AC before choosing one for your home. This guide thoroughly reviews the most popular types of AC, considering factors like cost, installation, and efficiency.
1- Window AC System
The most commonly utilized and popular types of AC nowadays are window air conditioners. A window air conditioner is a single unit mounted in a window, similar to a portable air conditioner. Although some units require a lot of time to install due to their wrong size, they are nonetheless simple.
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Although portable and window air conditioners used to cost slightly different amounts, their costs are essentially the same these days. Most often, they are employed to cool small and medium-sized rooms. Unlike portable and split system units, which require more space and wall holes for installation, window air conditioners are more popular.
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2- Portable AC
Portable AC units are a simple, affordable option for chilling tiny to medium-sized areas, like bedrooms, study areas, kitchens, office spaces, and more. It belongs to the most widely used categories of air conditioners. Outdoor sports and camping both make use of portable air conditioners.
These air conditioners are typically simple to install; they don’t require any installation at all. All you have to do to utilize one of these air conditioners is blow the ducts outside your space. Additionally, they are pretty simple to relocate from one area to another, which makes them the ideal option for renters.
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3- Split AC
This sort of air conditioning system uses two independent components, one within your room and the other outside, to efficiently chill an area, as the name suggests. The indoor unit comprises an evaporator coil, a blower fan, and an evaporator coil and is often installed on a wall.
The compressor and condenser coils, on the other hand, are housed in the outside unit. Your home’s interior unit works together to circulate cool air. For this procedure to function, warm air must first be removed from your space, cooled, and then pushed back into it. In a split system, the refrigerant absorbs heat from the interior and transfers it to the outside, where an outside unit discharges it.
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The size of the space that has to be cooled should be taken into account when selecting a split-system air conditioner. A more extensive system will work better for more significant areas. A split-system air conditioner installation procedure can also be difficult and time-consuming, so it’s crucial to select a trained expert for the work.
4- Central AC
One of the most energy-effective air conditioners is the central air conditioner. Among all types of air conditioners, it is the one that is most frequently used.
It functions much like a split-system ac unit. It disperses cool air around your home using ducts. Additionally, most of it is located in the courtyard or outside the house. These types of AC can cool a complete house or a sizable living room.
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The drawback of central air conditioning is that it is highly challenging to install; it takes the longest because you have to drill into your ceiling and wall. However, once installed, central air conditioning is relatively simple to use. Tiny rooms aren’t the best candidates for central air conditioning, so if you need to chill a small area, think about using a window or portable AC.
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5- Spot Coolers
Boats and ships need these types of AC to maintain a pleasant temperature in their cabins and cargo sections. Spot coolers are specifically made for use in the rugged marine environment, withstanding high sunshine and salt water while delivering potent cooling in locations that would not have traditional air conditioners.
These spot coolers can be used to chill small and big areas on ships, including open decks and storage spaces, cabins, galleys, and wheelhouses. They may be movable, portable devices that may be quickly moved as needed or permanently installed aboard a boat or ship. Additionally, they have caster wheels for simple movement.
Read more: How AC works
6- Rooftop Air Conditioners
For large commercial and industrial sites, rooftop air conditioners are a great alternative. High efficiency, cost savings, ease of installation, and minimal interruption to the building’s exterior are only a few of its many benefits. Rooftop air conditioners are more powerful and offer better cooling capacity than wall-mounted models.
Because they are fixed on the ceiling and do not require ducting, their installation is also relatively straightforward. The rooftop air conditioning unit (RTU) is exposed to various weather conditions due to its location on the roof, including heat, rain, snow, wind, and storms. This can increase the likelihood of wear and tear and shorten the RTU’s lifespan.
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Facilities that maintain a constant excellent interior temperature benefit greatly from rooftop air conditioning installations. Therefore, they are perfect for industrial settings like factories, warehouses, and data centers.
7- Mounted Air Conditioning Units on the Wall
These types of AC units include two components: an interior unit and an outdoor unit. They are also referred to as split-wall AC units. The indoor device is fixed to a wall inside. The outdoor unit, which is often outside next to the indoor unit, is in charge of releasing the heat that has been gathered within the house.
Because wall-mounted AC units are placed on the wall, they can flow more air and chill the room more quickly and effectively than the typical window and portable AC units.
You may tailor your environment needs with the help of the many wall-mounted air conditioners. They have practical features like remote controls, temperature settings, and timers. However, it is crucial to be aware that these units may result in the wall getting hot to the touch because they run continuously.
Read More: Portable AC
8- Packaged Terminal AC Unit
It’s possible that you haven’t yet heard the name of this kind of unit. A type of air conditioner, a packaged terminal air conditioner, is made to heat and cool different rooms or spaces. They can be utilized in residential and commercial structures and are frequently found in hotels, motels, and other similar facilities.
The PTAC is made to be practical and straightforward to operate. They come as a single wall-mounted device and don’t need any extra ductwork. The evaporator, condenser, compressor, and fan motor comprise the PTAC, which functions as a cooling and heating system. The unit’s front is where the controls are situated, and they are simple to operate.
9- A Geothermal Air Conditioner
Geothermal cooling types of AC are a fantastic substitute for conventional cooling systems. It provides a green alternative for many homes because it heats and cools your home using the earth’s natural heat. Geothermal air conditioning brings natural warmth from the ground into your home through a network of pipes buried beneath.
This system transmits heat from your house to the ground in the summer, allowing your house to cool naturally. The procedure is reversed in the winter to heat your home by drawing warm air from the ground up. Your carbon footprint is reduced through this approach.
Efficiency is geothermal air conditioning best asset. Since the ground’s temperature is mainly stable throughout the year, it requires less energy to move heat from the air to the ground. This may result in significant monthly energy cost reductions. Compared to other types of air conditioning systems, they can save up to 50% on energy.
10- Evaporator Cooler
Swamp coolers are another name for evaporative coolers. Evaporative coolers, as opposed to conventional air conditioners, employ evaporation to chill the air. To function, warm outside air is drawn in and forced through water-soaked pads. Where the water evaporates, and cool air is released into the house. Compared to conventional air conditioning, these coolers can use up to 75% less energy to keep your home comfortable. They are often inexpensive to acquire and set up, and most don’t require extensive modification. Additionally, their maintenance costs are relatively low.
Additionally, because these units are immediately subjected to heat, rain, and storms and are more likely to accumulate dirt, they also require more upkeep, especially on the exterior. Because the ac compressor sits outside the space, these units are pretty low.
It’s crucial to take your unique requirements and tastes into account when selecting types of AC. There are numerous solutions available. Each with its advantages and disadvantages, ranging from portable units to geothermal systems. Your budget, the size and configuration of your home or place of business, and your personal comfort preferences will ultimately determine the best air conditioning system for you.
Whatever system you decide on, make sure to research it well and speak with a knowledgeable professional. Make sure you are making a choice that will keep you cool and comfortable for years.